What is GERD?
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease is called GERD is a Gastroenterological complication.
GERD is a disease that happens when the stomach acid starts flowing upwards to the Esophagus.
It can be a long time condition and may come through with complications and symptoms. Symptoms like indigestion, heartburn, serious breathing problem (if the condition gets serious), bad breathing, vomiting, throat sore, coughing, difficulty in swallowing can be seen among patients.
If the stomach acid flows repeatedly and causes inflammation in the esophagus, it may lead to bleeding or ulcers in the stomach. Unresolved GERD can further cause damage to the stomach and esophagus lining. In that case, the patient should consult with the doctor to consider whether or not, the patient needs surgery. For some conditions, the doctor might prescribe long term medications along with suggesting lifestyle and diet change. Long term GERD can cause Esophageal cancer, but thankfully it is rare.
Let’s list out some Causes Of GERD
GERD may occur in people of any ages. Irregular lifestyle is the main cause of GERD.
However, GERD has many other causes such as,
1. Overeating or lying down on the bed after eating, as a routine habit can cause GERD in the future.
2. Following a sedentary lifestyle such as irregularity on taking food, not having any exercise, consuming junk foods, drinking, and smoking has also been found associated with GERD.
3. Following unhealthy dietary habits can also lead to GERD. Regular consumption of fried food, cold beverages, caffeine, alcohol, etc often leads to heartburn, which is a symptom of possible.
4. Obese people are at a higher risk of having GERD. Increasing of BMI has been found to increase in Esophagus acid exposure, which may lead to GERD.
5. Taking antidepressants, Calcium, sedatives, can also increase the chance of GERD. Such medications produce more gastrin, which can lead to acidity and heartburn.
6. Patients who have Hiatal Hernia can be more susceptible to have GERD in the future.
7. Pregnant women can have GERD during pregnancy period due to increasing pressure in their abdomen.
8. Sometimes taking steroid medications for Asthma, allergy, cancer, skin disease, eye inflammation increase the chance of having GERD.
GERD can often be cured by medications and lifestyle changes. If you have any certain symptoms from the above points, consult with your doctor today. GERD can be treated by Laparoscopic Surgery or open Fundoplication.