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February 2019

Laparoscopic Surgery Varanasi

What is GERD?

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease is called GERD is a Gastroenterological complication.

GERD is a disease that happens when the stomach acid starts flowing upwards to the Esophagus.

It can be a long time condition and may come through with complications and symptoms. Symptoms like indigestion, heartburn, serious breathing problem (if the condition gets serious), bad breathing, vomiting, throat sore, coughing, difficulty in swallowing can be seen among patients.

If the stomach acid flows repeatedly and causes inflammation in the esophagus, it may lead to bleeding or ulcers in the stomach. Unresolved GERD can further cause damage to the stomach and esophagus lining. In that case, the patient should consult with the doctor to consider whether or not, the patient needs surgery. For some conditions, the doctor might prescribe long term medications along with suggesting lifestyle and diet change. Long term GERD can cause Esophageal cancer, but thankfully it is rare.

Let’s list out some Causes Of GERD

GERD may occur in people of any ages. Irregular lifestyle is the main cause of GERD.

However, GERD has many other causes such as,
1. Overeating or lying down on the bed after eating, as a routine habit can cause GERD in the future.

2. Following a sedentary lifestyle such as irregularity on taking food, not having any exercise, consuming junk foods, drinking, and smoking has also been found associated with GERD.

3. Following unhealthy dietary habits can also lead to GERD. Regular consumption of fried food, cold beverages, caffeine, alcohol, etc often leads to heartburn, which is a symptom of possible.

4. Obese people are at a higher risk of having GERD. Increasing of BMI has been found to increase in Esophagus acid exposure, which may lead to GERD.

5. Taking antidepressants, Calcium, sedatives, can also increase the chance of GERD. Such medications produce more gastrin, which can lead to acidity and heartburn.

6. Patients who have Hiatal Hernia can be more susceptible to have GERD in the future.

7. Pregnant women can have GERD during pregnancy period due to increasing pressure in their abdomen.

8. Sometimes taking steroid medications for Asthma, allergy, cancer, skin disease, eye inflammation increase the chance of having GERD.

GERD can often be cured by medications and lifestyle changes. If you have any certain symptoms from the above points, consult with your doctor today. GERD can be treated by Laparoscopic Surgery or open Fundoplication.

Laparoscopic Surgery

Laparoscopic Surgery is the most common surgical procedure performed by most of the doctors and healthcare providers these days. Many well-known hospitals, including Varanasi Hospital, offer the Best Laparoscopic Surgeries in Uttarpradesh.

Laparoscopy is known as ‘minimally-invasive’ surgery and offers the patients with great advantages, such as quick recovery, shorter stay in the hospital, reducing hemorrhage and more. Doctors make small incisions in the belly area to carry out the procedure, instead of a large one (like the ones needed in open surgery). Laparoscopic surgery includes surgeries like Cholecystectomy (Gallstone operation), Pancreatitis, Colectomy, Hernia repair, Appendix removal, Nephrectomy and many more.

Laparoscopy is quite famous with almost every modern doctor. We are briefing you about some Laparoscopic instruments which are used by doctors during surgery-

  • Laparoscope
  • Cannulas and Trocars
  • Scissors and Graspers
  • Retractors
  • Telescopic Rod Lens connected with a video camera
  • A cold light attached with an optical fibre.

Laparoscopic surgeries are carried out by a special machine called ‘Laparoscope’. It is a thin instrument that partly is inserted inside the body while its handle stays outside the body for attaining desirable movements for the surgery.

Trocars are made of metal (stainless steel) or plastic and Cannula is a hollow tube. Through the Trocar surgeon insert instruments like graspers and scissors. During operation, the surgeon makes small incisions in the belly and insert a cannula tube. It is generally used to inflate the abdomen with CO2 gas to get more clear visibility of the abdominal organ.

Retractors are made of stainless steel and are used for separating the edge of the incisions and the basic organ tissues to get the view properly.

The surgeon inserts a video camera and cold light source which is attached to an optical fiber, through the cannula. The camera and light source, altogether offer visuals to perform the surgery.

After the surgery, the instruments are removed from the abdomen. Doctors stitch the incision area and sealed the place with surgical tape and bandages.

Laparoscopic Surgery has a lot of advantages than open surgery, some of them are-

  • It reduces pain.
  • Patients will expect a release within one or two days.
  • Patients easily go back to normal life within a few weeks.
  • It reduces the chances of hemorrhage.

For more information on Laparoscopic Surgery and its procedures, visit us

Gall Bladder Stone Surgery Varanasi

A pear-shaped, small organ, located beneath the liver is called gallbladder. Where bile (a digestive fluid) gets stored and concentrated before delivering into the small intestine to help in the digestion. The gallbladder is the organ where gallstones form due to solidification of the bile.

Here we will discuss few causes of gallstones along with its risk factors, in details.


Excessive cholesterol in bile:

Bile helps to alleviate the cholesterol from the body, but when the body starts to proceed too much cholesterol, the bile becomes supersaturated and the cholesterol starts to crystallize forming into stones.

The genetic factor:

A gallstone can happen if patients have any family history with gallstone. It is particularly true for first degree relatives.

Diminution of bile salts:

Bile contains bile salts. Bile salts work as natural abstergent which helps to break the fat particle from the food we eat. When the bile doesn’t contain any bile salt, the amount of cholesterol started to increase, which cause the build-up of gallstones.


There are many risk factors which can lead to gallstone formation. We are stating some common factors below

1. Crash dieting

Crash dieting leaves a patient with a high chance of having a gallstone. Skipping breakfast, meals, repetitive fasting can decrease the level of bile salt and increase the amount of cholesterol in the body, which may lead to gallstones.

A low-calorie diet, totally deprived of fat can also develop gallstone.

2. Obesity

Obesity has been yet another cause of gallstone. Obese People with high BMI are highly susceptible to have gallstones.

3. Certain Medication

Some drugs have been found to lead towards developing gallstones,. These comprise of pharmaceutical drugs, such as cholesterol-lowering drugs, weight-loss drugs, oral contraceptive pills etc.

4. Being Women

Women are at higher risk of having gallstones than men. When it comes to men, age is yet another factor, as men between the age of 40-55 have the chance of gallstones than any other age range.

5. Unexplained Weight Loss

Weight loss due to weight loss surgery or sentences gym session has metabolism principle, but rapid weight loss without any probable cause may also be due to underlying gallstones.

At Varanasi Hospital, we offer complete care and treatment for gallstones. For more information, visit our website where you will get to know everything about Gall Bladder Stone Surgery.

Laparoscopic Surgery

Laparoscopic surgery is a modern technique which is predominantly performed on the abdominal organs (Hernia, Gall-bladder, Pancreas, Appendix) by making small incisions with the help of the Laparoscope machine. Most of the state-of-the-art hospitals, including Varanasi Hospital, provide the best laparoscopic surgeries using all the advanced technologies and with the help of the experienced doctors.

Many doctors approved of this surgery as safer than open surgery, as it is much less painful and offer a speedy healing process. Patients are mostly healed within a week or two and get back to their normal life after a much shorter stay in the hospital.

Post surgery care is important for every patient after any surgery. For faster healing, patients need proper care and medications. Here are some recovery guidelines for those who recently went through the surgery.

Prepare yourself post surgery:

There’s a chance of pain and irritation after surgery. You may feel a sore throat or dryness due to anesthesia, along with mild pain in your abdominal region. To face these symptoms, prepare yourself mentally. Take rest and take the medicine from the start. Make yourself comfortable during your hospital days. Don’t be stressed about the pain, you’ll heal in time.

Let your family drive you home:

You can expect discharge from the hospital within one or two days, but do not drive back home by yourself after your surgery. It is unsafe to drive due to the anesthesia. Have any family or friend drive you instead. Try to avoid any bumpy road to mitigate the chances of any injury.

Take a good rest:

Taking proper rest is important for every patient. In most cases, patients have a tendency to get back to work right after discharge from the hospital. Every surgery needs time to heal. Give your body rest for a few days, it’ll lessen the chance of any internal hemorrhage.

Start Walking and moving around:

Start walking around, after a few days. Put small steps around your home. Do not lift any heavy things. Avoid movements and exercise which put pressure on your abdominal part. Always use cushions to support your back when you sit.

Wear comfortable clothes:

Avoid any kind of tight fitting clothes which can cause you to feel uncomfortable and brings irritation on your belly area. Also, as per your doctor’s advice, clean your abdominal area regularly, to avoid possibility of infection.

Maintain a healthy diet and medicines:

Maintain a healthy diet as your dietician prescribed. Go with proper food and diet as it helps you towards a speedy recovery. Make sure you are having the right medicine in time.

Usually, there are no major side-effects of Laparoscopic Surgery. But in case if you feel any kind of pain or discomfort in your abdominal region, consult with your doctor immediately.

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