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April 2019

Hernia Surgery

A hernia is a very common health problem amongst men and women. Though it is common, thankfully it can be resolved through hernia surgery effectively. However, many people don’t want to go for surgery and usually rely on hernia belts. Now the question is, is hernia belt a permanent cure of Hernia? Let’s discuss the effectiveness of the hernia belt.

What is a Hernia?

A hernia occurs when a portion of an internal organ pushes through the membrane wall and budges out externally.. An abdominal hernia is the most common form of hernia. Thankfully, most of the hernias are not dangerous and it can be resolved through hernia surgery. There are 4 types of hernia- Inguinal Hernia, Hiatal Hernia, Umbilical Hernia, and Incisional Hernia. A hernia can appear prominently during coughing, sneezing, lifting and pushing heavy things, even during laughing.

Hernia belts are specially made for those who are suffering from inguinal hernia (hernia emerging near the groin). It is a supportive undergarment mostly worn by men to keep the inguinal bulge in the right place and get relief from pain. Hernia belt convulses the abdominal wall and pressure back the bulge inside the abdominal wall. It is a temporary solution to get relief from pain. However, it is not a permanent solution.

Hernia belts are made of metal and elastic, which prevent the lump from budging out through the abdominal wall. However, it is very uncomfortable due to constant pressure and most of the patients felt discomfort wearing it all the time. Long usage of hernia belt can weaken the abdominal tissues even more and it is not a permanent cure from a hernia either.

Hernia surgery is the only permanent solution for a hernia. It is safe, and effective procedure for all patients. Through Laparoscopic surgery, it is now even easier and safer than ever. Most patient can regain a hernia-free life without any complications through this.

If your hernia is causing pain and discomfort, consult with your doctor about treatment options. Varanasi Hospital known as the best Laparoscopic surgery hospital in India, assure patients with the best treatment and recovery for all types of hernia.

Hepatitis

‘Hepatitis’ is a harmful virus, which affects the liver and might cause serious liver disease, if not treated properly. Generally, it can be prevented if a person gets vaccinated for it on time. However, if this condition has already affected the liver, liver surgery might be needed to address it. Thankfully, laparoscopic surgery of the liver can help treat it effectively.

The liver is a vital organ in our body. It filters out the harmful substances and purifies the blood. Also, it transforms the nutrients and vitamins into substances, which circulate through the blood. A hepatitis-affected liver cannot perform functionally, which eventually leads to liver diseases.

Hepatitis occurs due to excessive alcohol abuse, unprescribed drugs, unhygienic food, etc. Most of the common hepatitis viruses are Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, and Hepatitis C.

As we are observing World Immunization Week this month, let’s discuss Hepatitis types and its treatment.

Hepatitis A:

It happens due to infection with Hepatisis A virus.

Causes:

  • Poor sanitation
  • Drug addiction
  • Unhygienic foods
  • Contamination with stool of an infected person
  • Unprotected sex.

Symptoms:

It may or may not project symptoms, but if it does, the following condition might be noted:

  • Loss of appetite
  • Jaundice
  • Dark-colored urine
  • Low-grade fever

Treatment And Immunization:

  • All children should be vaccinated by the age of 1 year, against hepatitis A.
  • There is no specific treatment exists for Hepatitis A, once it onsets.

Hepatitis B:

It happens due to infection with Hepatisis B virus.

Cause:

  • Through with blood, semen, or any other body fluids.
  • Sharing contaminated equipment (needles, syringe)
  • Sharing toothbrushes or razors
  • Unprotected sex.
  • Born to an infected mother.

Symptoms:

Usually, symptoms occur after one month or so, after exposure to the infection. It can lead to mild to serious condition, such as-

  • Abdominal pain.
  • Fever
  • Vomiting
  • Fatigue
  • Jaundice

Treatment And Immunization:

Vaccination for certain people with high risk is highly recommended, such as-

  • Newborns.
  • People, who live with someone who has hepatitis B.
  • People who have chronic liver disease
  • People who have multiple sex partners.

There is no certain treatment available for hepatitis B. People go under supportive care and regular monitoring to examine liver disease progression.

Hepatitis C:

It happens due to infection with Hepatisis C virus.

Causes:

  • Blood from a person, who is infected with hepatitis C virus.
  • Born to an infected mother
  • HIV infected person
  • Getting a Tattoo and piercing from an unhygienic parlor.

Symptoms:

This is also called a silent disease, as it hardly shows any symptoms in its early stages. These symptoms are-

  • Jaundice
  • Weight loss
  • Swelling in the legs
  • Irritation in skin
  • Poor appetite.

Treatment & Immunization:

There is no vaccine invented for Hepatitis C. However, its risk can be minimized if, you,

  • Stop taking prohibited drugs.
  • Be careful when getting tattoos and piercing.
  • Do not engage in unprotected sex.

Hepatitis can lead to chronic liver disease, which might take to liver surgery. On this world immunization week, Varanasi Hospital urges every individual to take vaccination for Hepatitis on time and stay safe and healthy. 

Liver Surgery

I have made an important discovery… that alcohol, taken in sufficient quantities, produces all the effects of intoxication.-Oscar Wilde

Liver and alcohol, they never match. Even one dose of alcohol surely puts an adverse effect on the liver. Though the liver can process a certain amount of alcohol from time to time, if a person goes for excessive alcohol consumption, the liver won’t process the alcohol fully. The person will become intoxicated as a result and will start having many complications. High alcohol consumption can damage the liver cells and cause fatty liver, chronic liver disease, and scarred liver. It can even lead to liver cancer which can only be managed effectively with Liver surgery.

Let’s understand how the liver gets affected by alcohol consumption.

How Alcohol Affect The Liver?

The liver helps to filter out the harmful substances from the body and help to transform essential nutrients, vitamins, and medicines into substances, which our body needs. The liver also purifies the blood and produce bile for digestion.

A liver cannot process any alcoholic beverages quickly. Too much of alcohol consumption makes it quite difficult for the liver to process and thus, most of it passes along the circulatory system. As a result, it put an adverse effect on the body, particularly on the brain and heart. Regular consumption of alcohol, moreover, causes catastrophic effects on the liver. It damages the liver cells, triggering cirrhosis, and liver cancer. Fatty liver is the most common complication of alcohol consumption.

Symptoms Of Liver Disease:

People who regularly consume alcohol, develop a higher risk of liver disease. Moreover, who has a family history with a liver problem can also have a high risk of liver disease, even with much lesser alcohol consumption. The alcoholic liver disease carries many recognizable symptoms, such as-

1. Fever and Shivering,

2. Jaundice,

3. Fluid build-up in the abdomen,

4. Irritation in the skin (itching and burning sensation),

5. Blood in vomit and stools,

6. Internal bleeding,

7. Rapid weight loss,

8. Weakness and muscle spasm,

Treatment For Liver Disease:

Avoid Alcohol:

For people, who are diagnosed with fatty liver disease, it is better to stop drinking alcohol immediately, because a mild, fatty liver can heal over time, by doing so. However, when this becomes chronic there is a much lesser possibility to heal without medication and might even lead to Liver Surgery. But drinking alcohol will interfere with the treatment and the patient must quit it anyhow.

Medications:

Proper medicines can help reduce inflammation and can improve the liver condition, but only over time and mostly mild fatty liver.

Lifestyle Change:

Lifestyle change can also be very effective to deal with fatty liver. Positive changes like quitting smoking, maintaining a healthy diet, and daily exercise, etc. can also improve the liver condition.

For patients with a serious condition, the doctor advises extensive medications. But if there is not much improvement happens, they may recommend undergoing liver surgery.

On this alcohol awareness month, Varanasi Hospital encourages the individual to quit alcohol and resume a healthy lifestyle.

Hernia Surgery

Hernia surgery is performed to fix a hernia, it happens when a portion of an internal organ budges out through an abdominal opening. A hernia is very common amongst both men and women. It can be detected, while lifting heavy things, coughing, sneezing, also during exercising. The hernia can develop over time or it can be intrinsic as well. If it budges out more often during coughing and sneezing, Hernia Surgery becomes inevitable.

Hernia surgery can be done in two ways, open surgery and laparoscopic surgery. Almost every expert doctor prefers laparoscopic surgery for ensuring the maximum benefits of the patient. With the help of the laparoscopic surgery, a patient can recover quickly and go home the very same or the following day.

Here are some tips to follow after hernia surgery for a faster recovery.

1. Take rest for a few days after surgery. You can walk slowly in the room though, as it increases circulation. But do not walk too fast, otherwise, it can strain the abdomen.

2. Follow the diet your doctor provided. Eat fiber foods, fresh fruits, and green vegetables. Vegetables are good to avoid constipation and mitigate excess pressure built up.

3. Drink a lot of water and other fluids, which help you to recover from the pain quickly and promote healing the incision areas. You will get back to normal life soon.

4. Use a pillow while coughing and sneezing. Hold it against the belly to reduce the pain and shock.

5. Do not lift any load for a few weeks after the operation. If needed, you can start with light things first, after a few weeks.

6. Avoid driving while continuing the pain medications as driving can strain the incision areas. Consult with your doctor about the ideal time to resume driving.

7. Take care of the incision areas and regularly change the bandages or band-aids as per instruction.

8. Wear comfortable and lightweight clothes, preferably made up of cotton, which are easy to change.

9. Gently dry out the incision areas with a soft towel after a shower.

10. Do not work out and engage in any sports activities for a few weeks after the surgery. Consult with your doctor about it.

Stick to your doctor’s advice properly, take proper medication and follow these steps, so that you can recover from your hernia surgery and can get back to your normal life quickly. In case of any swelling, fever, or bleeding, see your doctor immediately.

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