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Liver operation

Hepatitis

‘Hepatitis’ is a harmful virus, which affects the liver and might cause serious liver disease, if not treated properly. Generally, it can be prevented if a person gets vaccinated for it on time. However, if this condition has already affected the liver, liver surgery might be needed to address it. Thankfully, laparoscopic surgery of the liver can help treat it effectively.

The liver is a vital organ in our body. It filters out the harmful substances and purifies the blood. Also, it transforms the nutrients and vitamins into substances, which circulate through the blood. A hepatitis-affected liver cannot perform functionally, which eventually leads to liver diseases.

Hepatitis occurs due to excessive alcohol abuse, unprescribed drugs, unhygienic food, etc. Most of the common hepatitis viruses are Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, and Hepatitis C.

As we are observing World Immunization Week this month, let’s discuss Hepatitis types and its treatment.

Hepatitis A:

It happens due to infection with Hepatisis A virus.

Causes:

  • Poor sanitation
  • Drug addiction
  • Unhygienic foods
  • Contamination with stool of an infected person
  • Unprotected sex.

Symptoms:

It may or may not project symptoms, but if it does, the following condition might be noted:

  • Loss of appetite
  • Jaundice
  • Dark-colored urine
  • Low-grade fever

Treatment And Immunization:

  • All children should be vaccinated by the age of 1 year, against hepatitis A.
  • There is no specific treatment exists for Hepatitis A, once it onsets.

Hepatitis B:

It happens due to infection with Hepatisis B virus.

Cause:

  • Through with blood, semen, or any other body fluids.
  • Sharing contaminated equipment (needles, syringe)
  • Sharing toothbrushes or razors
  • Unprotected sex.
  • Born to an infected mother.

Symptoms:

Usually, symptoms occur after one month or so, after exposure to the infection. It can lead to mild to serious condition, such as-

  • Abdominal pain.
  • Fever
  • Vomiting
  • Fatigue
  • Jaundice

Treatment And Immunization:

Vaccination for certain people with high risk is highly recommended, such as-

  • Newborns.
  • People, who live with someone who has hepatitis B.
  • People who have chronic liver disease
  • People who have multiple sex partners.

There is no certain treatment available for hepatitis B. People go under supportive care and regular monitoring to examine liver disease progression.

Hepatitis C:

It happens due to infection with Hepatisis C virus.

Causes:

  • Blood from a person, who is infected with hepatitis C virus.
  • Born to an infected mother
  • HIV infected person
  • Getting a Tattoo and piercing from an unhygienic parlor.

Symptoms:

This is also called a silent disease, as it hardly shows any symptoms in its early stages. These symptoms are-

  • Jaundice
  • Weight loss
  • Swelling in the legs
  • Irritation in skin
  • Poor appetite.

Treatment & Immunization:

There is no vaccine invented for Hepatitis C. However, its risk can be minimized if, you,

  • Stop taking prohibited drugs.
  • Be careful when getting tattoos and piercing.
  • Do not engage in unprotected sex.

Hepatitis can lead to chronic liver disease, which might take to liver surgery. On this world immunization week, Varanasi Hospital urges every individual to take vaccination for Hepatitis on time and stay safe and healthy. 

Liver Surgery

I have made an important discovery… that alcohol, taken in sufficient quantities, produces all the effects of intoxication.-Oscar Wilde

Liver and alcohol, they never match. Even one dose of alcohol surely puts an adverse effect on the liver. Though the liver can process a certain amount of alcohol from time to time, if a person goes for excessive alcohol consumption, the liver won’t process the alcohol fully. The person will become intoxicated as a result and will start having many complications. High alcohol consumption can damage the liver cells and cause fatty liver, chronic liver disease, and scarred liver. It can even lead to liver cancer which can only be managed effectively with Liver surgery.

Let’s understand how the liver gets affected by alcohol consumption.

How Alcohol Affect The Liver?

The liver helps to filter out the harmful substances from the body and help to transform essential nutrients, vitamins, and medicines into substances, which our body needs. The liver also purifies the blood and produce bile for digestion.

A liver cannot process any alcoholic beverages quickly. Too much of alcohol consumption makes it quite difficult for the liver to process and thus, most of it passes along the circulatory system. As a result, it put an adverse effect on the body, particularly on the brain and heart. Regular consumption of alcohol, moreover, causes catastrophic effects on the liver. It damages the liver cells, triggering cirrhosis, and liver cancer. Fatty liver is the most common complication of alcohol consumption.

Symptoms Of Liver Disease:

People who regularly consume alcohol, develop a higher risk of liver disease. Moreover, who has a family history with a liver problem can also have a high risk of liver disease, even with much lesser alcohol consumption. The alcoholic liver disease carries many recognizable symptoms, such as-

1. Fever and Shivering,

2. Jaundice,

3. Fluid build-up in the abdomen,

4. Irritation in the skin (itching and burning sensation),

5. Blood in vomit and stools,

6. Internal bleeding,

7. Rapid weight loss,

8. Weakness and muscle spasm,

Treatment For Liver Disease:

Avoid Alcohol:

For people, who are diagnosed with fatty liver disease, it is better to stop drinking alcohol immediately, because a mild, fatty liver can heal over time, by doing so. However, when this becomes chronic there is a much lesser possibility to heal without medication and might even lead to Liver Surgery. But drinking alcohol will interfere with the treatment and the patient must quit it anyhow.

Medications:

Proper medicines can help reduce inflammation and can improve the liver condition, but only over time and mostly mild fatty liver.

Lifestyle Change:

Lifestyle change can also be very effective to deal with fatty liver. Positive changes like quitting smoking, maintaining a healthy diet, and daily exercise, etc. can also improve the liver condition.

For patients with a serious condition, the doctor advises extensive medications. But if there is not much improvement happens, they may recommend undergoing liver surgery.

On this alcohol awareness month, Varanasi Hospital encourages the individual to quit alcohol and resume a healthy lifestyle.

Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease or Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis liver disease is a ‘silent’ disease. It affects nonalcoholic people (who do not consume any kind of alcohol). It happens due to storing too much fat in the liver. This disease is very common in the world and similar to the alcoholic fatty liver.

In case it gets in serious condition, this disease could lead to inflammation, scarring, and irreversible damage. In such cases, it requires the best liver surgery to overcome it. Many people go through different kind of symptoms. Some of them have no symptoms at all and some of them figure out this fatty liver condition through a diagnostic test. Today, let’s find out the symptoms of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease-

Usually fatty liver occurs when more than 5 percent of fat gets stored in our liver. If any patients have mild fatty liver they may go through these symptoms-

  • Enlargement of the Liver.
  • Feeling exhausted all the time.
  • Continuous pain on the right side of the upper abdomen.
  • A poor tendency to eat and persistent indigestion.
  • Unexplained Weight loss.

If your fatty liver gets into a serious condition (scarring and damaging), these symptoms may occur,-

  • The abdomen will get bigger or larger
  • Onset of Jaundice
  • Internal bleeding in the intestine
  • Liver function may get stopped
  • Mentally confusion may incur

Nonalcoholic fatty liver, preferably connected to insulin hormone. Insulin helps our liver to excess glucose. When our body needs glucose, insulin helps to take glucose from the blood. Too many fats in the liver create insulin resistance. When it occurs, our body cells do not respond to insulin. In that way, the liver ends up with storing more fat, which leads to damaging and scarring the liver.

If you are facing any of these above signs, make an appointment with your doctor today. Generally, the fatty liver disease gets treated by proper medication and weight reducing program, if you have a mild one. In case of severely damaging or scarring, it may take the best liver surgery to heal properly.

 

LIVER TREATMENT AT VARANASI HOSPITAL

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