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Appendicitis

Varanasi Hospital, one of the best hospitals in Varanasi, offers minimally invasive appendectomy, which is a scarless and painless surgical approach to treat appendicitis. In northern India, appendicitis surgery is one of the most common surgeries people undergo. Let’s understand more about appendicitis and its treatment.

How Appendicitis Occurs?

An appendix is an organ that is located in the lower- right abdomen. It houses many good bacteria that help in digestion. However, despite being useful, it is not a crucial organ and a person can survive even without this organ and can lead a healthy life in the future after its removal.

Inflammation of the appendix is called appendicitis. When the appendix is blocked either by stool or any foreign pathogen or due to some infection, the condition of appendicitis arises. The number of bacteria within the organ multiplies and form internal pus when the appendix inflates. Sharp pain is caused by the colony of bacteria and pus around the belly button and lowers right section.

What Are The Symptoms Of Appendicitis

The preliminary symptoms of appendicitis include:

  • High fever
  • Abdominal swelling
  • Nausea and Vomiting
  • Loss of appetite
  • Difficulty in passing gas

Several other symptoms might also come up. These include,

  • The persistent issue of gas
  • Painful cramps
  • Constipation or diarrhea
  • Painful urination
  • Intense pain in the upper or lower abdominal cavity (or in the rectum)

It is sometimes difficult to diagnose appendicitis, but in case, 3 or more of the above-mentioned symptoms persists for more than 2-3 weeks, it is best to get it diagnosed.

Which Treatment Option Is Best For Appendicitis?

Immediate medical assistance is needed to overcome this problem once this medical condition onsets. If left untreated, the inflammation will burst eventually and spill infectious pathogens inside the abdominal cavity. This can subsequently result in another serious condition called peritonitis, a disease that causes severe inflammation of the abdominal cavity’s lining, which can prove to be fatal.

The leading doctors of the best hospitals in Varanasi recommend that the best way to cure appendicitis is appendectomy. It is the surgical removal of the appendix and only medical treatment to cure appendicitis. To avoid any associated complications, it is vital to perform this operation on time.

Advantages Of Laparoscopic Appendectomy

Traditionally, an incision was made on the right lower abdominal wall to remove the appendix. But the laparoscopic approach is employed to cure the appendix in recent years. Few small incisions of measurement 1/2 inches are made in the abdomen and the procedure is carried out through visual assistance on the monitor.

Some of the common advantages offered by it, over the traditional approach are:

  • Better cosmetic result
  • Quicker return to the routine schedule
  • Less post-operative pain and scar
  • Shorter hospital stay.

A timely cure of appendicitis is vital to avoid further complications which can prove to be deadly if neglected.

Hernia Surgery

Hernia is a medical condition which is a common problem these days, and can be characterized by a visible bulge in the abdomen or groin. A weakness, tear or hole in the peritoneum, the muscular wall that keeps the abdominal organs in place, is the reason for the occurrence of hernia. This defect in the peritoneum allows organs and tissues to push through, and thus produces a bulge, leading to the condition known as hernia. It is often and pain-free, but at times it can bring discomfort and pain, if left untreated for long. The lump may disappear as it is pushed back into the cavity, when the person lies down, but coughing or straining activities can make it reappear. Hernia surgery is the permanent solution to this problem. Let’s understand more about it, in details.

Causes Of Hernia

A hernia can be commonly found in the areas of the natural openings in the groin, or near the belly button, but it can also occur through a previous surgical scar. It occurs more commonly in women than men, due to pregnancy and childbirth. The risk of hernia also increases with age, as the abdominal muscle starts to become weak. Children can develop hernia, rarely, unless it is congenital meaning, it is present at birth. However, vigorous activities and certain medical problems can also increase pressure on the abdominal wall and can lead to a hernia. Some other common risk factors for hernia include

• Straining on the toilet due to long-term constipation.
• Persistent cough or sneezing which exerts pressure on the abdomen.
• Cystic fibrosis that damages the lining of the lungs and digestive system
• Poor nutrition which can weaken the abdominal muscles
• Long term smoking that affect the immune system of the body.
• Physical exertion that build abdominal pressure.

Symptoms Of Hernia

Discomfort and pain are the main symptoms of hernia. These symptoms often becomes worse, while standing, straining, or lifting heavy items. In case of babies, visible pain and more prominent bulge while crying are the only symptoms associated with the same. In many cases, the hernia is no more than a painless swelling that doesn’t create any problem at all and posses no immediate medical threats. Thus, people does not seek hernia surgery immediately. But it is crucial to seek surgical remedy as it is the only reliable treatment option.

But people with severe swelling and soreness should see a doctor soon. Immediate hernia surgery is needed in cases when part of the gut becomes obstructed or strangulated by an inguinal hernia leading severe symptoms such as pain, nausea, vomiting.

Treatment Of Hernia

There are two main types of hernia surgery:

1. Open Surgery:

The hernia is repaired by making a large incision across the abdomen or the pelvic region. It is then, closed using sutures, mesh, or both, and the surgical wound in the skin is closed with sutures, staples, or surgical glue.

2. Laparoscopic Surgery (keyhole surgery):

The hernia is repaired in the same way as in open surgery but is done through 4-5 minute incisions near in the abdomen. Laparoscopic surgery enables faster recovery along with many other advantages over open surgery.

Read More : Advantage Of Laparoscopic Hernia Repair Surgery Over Open Surgery

Varanasi Hospitals offers both open and laparoscopic hernia surgery. Seek consultation, if you are having symptoms of the same.

Laparoscopic Gallbladder Surgery

Gallstones are one of the most common digestive problems in men and women. Almost 15% of the population of India has gallstones. Many times a person with gallstones don’t realize at all unless ultrasound scans are done. These are called silent gallstones, as they project no symptoms. However, most of the time, there are a lot of painful symptoms that are associated with gallstones, particularly as their size increases. Pain in the abdomen, nausea, vomiting are some of the symptoms of gallstones. The major way of treating gallstones is Laparoscopic gallbladder surgery.

However, in this surgery, the essential way of treatment is the removal of the gallbladder. Many people try to avoid having this surgery as they don’t want to remove their gallbladder. They mostly tend to opt for non-surgical treatment. But there is a major side effect to these non-surgical treatments. Gallstones tend to come back again and again, even after treatment. Unless and until the gallbladder is removed, the excess bile will keep forming in the gallbladder and create stones.

Sometimes, the non-surgical treatments do not remove the gallstones properly in one go either. Many of these treatments, like acid pills or shock waves, requires multiple therapy sessions. Now, this might not seem like a problem in the initial stage but later on, they become more complicated as they get bigger.

Another reason for removing your gallbladder is to avoid the possibility of its recurrence. A person can easily live without their gallbladder as the liver can produce enough bile necessary for the body.

If you opt for medication and not surgery, the only way to stop the recurrence of gallstones is life long medication, which is more expensive and might have side effects of their own.

Another side effect of the recurrence of gallstones is gallstone cancer. If these bile stones keep forming again and again and are not treated properly, it can cause chronic inflammation. This may lead to gallbladder cancer at a later stage.

Thus, most doctors recommend laparoscopic gallbladder surgery, as this does not have much long term side effects and can be easily performed. Just like any other laparoscopic surgery, only 3-4 small incisions are made and the gallbladder is removed. Unless and until you have some medical conditions, and the doctor does not recommend surgery, it is best to avoid non- surgical treatments and prefer surgical treatment.

So, if you have gallstones that are causing pain, it is best to undergo laparoscopic gallbladder surgery and lead a healthier life ahead.

Laparoscopic Surgery Varanasi

Laparoscopic surgery is a rather advanced and more complicated process than open surgery. To undergo laparoscopic surgery, you should go to very experienced doctors or look for the best laparoscopic surgery hospital. Even though the recovery period after this surgery is short, there are a lot of things you should be mindful of, after the surgery. We present some if them, as follows.

1. Don’t skip/overuse medication:

You should take the medication as prescribed by the doctor. Don’t skip any antibiotic just because you think you are getting better. This can lead to severe infection sometimes. Ceasing antibiotics rashly significantly builds your danger of creating antibiotics resistance, not only for that medication as well as others in its group. Overusing (or skipping) painkillers is also not a good idea.

2. No exertion, physical activity or heavy lifting:

Until the doctor gives the green signal, it best to stay away from too much exertion for at least few weeks. You might feel that you are physically fit to lift heavy stuff. But sometimes heavy lifting or excessive straining can pull your muscles in the surgical area.

3. Wear loose clothes post surgery:

Doctors recommend that keeping the incision site uncovered while sleeping or covering it with loose fitted clothes during the day helps in two ways. One, it takes time for the wound to dry even after the dressings are removed. Keeping it covered such that air passes easily dries it up quickly. Also, it is convenient to wear loose clothes, because after the surgery that place will be swollen and painful.

4. Eat well and stay hydrated:

Good food is a very important part of life post surgery. Any type of oily, packaged, and processed food should be avoided. Eating a lot of vegetables and fruits every day will help you recover quickly. This also prevents constipation, which is often associated with any kind of laparoscopic surgery. Staying hydrated by drinking lots of fluids will also help in the same.

5. Don’t miss your checkup:

In most laparoscopic surgery, doctors discharge their patients within 2 days. Then the stitches are removed after a week or two. It is important to go for follow up checkups as well.

After your last checkup, try not to jump back into your stressful routine right away. It is okay to take it easy for a while. Maintain your diet and exercise regularly and work wisely.

hernia surgery

Hernia surgery is one of the most common surgeries performed by doctors. So if you want to undergo hernia surgery, you can look for the best hospitals in Varanasi. But before the surgery or even before you go to the doctor, you should know about the types of hernia and their symptoms, to help you identify your hernia.

An organ or a tissue, when breaks through a hole in the muscle, forms hernia. It takes some time before it starts bulging or becomes prominent, painful and irritating. Based on the location, there are several types of hernia.

• Inguinal Hernia:

This kind of hernia mainly occurs due to protruding of a part of the intestine through a weak spot of abdominal muscle. It can occur not only in adults but in kids and infants too. It is not particularly dangerous, but if the swelling gets bigger or painful, immediate surgery is the best option.

• Femoral Hernia:

This type of hernia develops mostly in pregnant or obese women. It appears in the upper part of the thigh or groin when the intestine enters the canal carrying the femoral artery. Stomach aches, and vomiting are the prime symptoms of this type of hernia.

• Umbilical Hernia:

The umbilical hernia is often found in newborn babies. In this hernia, some portion of the small intestine pushes out through the stomach from the navel. In infants, it closes up by the time they turn 1 year old. In adults, the cause of umbilical hernia is mostly obesity, pregnancy, chronic cough, chronic constipation, etc.

• Incisional Hernia:

It occurs mostly post abdominal surgery, particularly those who are elderly or overweight, and lead inactive lifestyle. In this type, the intestine pushes vertically along an incision. This can be really painful and operating on a previous spot can be dangerous and only the best hernia surgeons can handle it well. It is best to avoid this type of hernia by staying active after surgery.

• Epigastric Hernia:

An Epigastric hernia happens when fat pushes through a feeble piece of the abdominal wall. It happens amidst the belly between the breastbone and the belly button, or navel. More often these hernias are small and you can have more than one, at a time. These hernias don’t have any symptoms except pain in the upper belly.

• Hiatal Hernia:

A Hiatal hernia is unique in relation to different kinds of hernias since it protrudes from the chest. It happens when part of your stomach lumps up through your stomach and into your chest. You can’t feel a Hiatal hernia or see a lump in the early stages. But it can be felt by repeated acid reflux.

If you have any type of hernia mentioned above, it is best to not delay and look for the best hospital for hernia surgery.

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