In case of hiatal hernia, the topmost portion of the stomach protrudes to the chest through hiatus, the diaphragm’s opening. Hiatal hernia further results in GERD (Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease) and the risk of developing hiatal hernia is higher for people who are old and suffering from obesity.
Symptoms of Hiatal Hernia
Several symptoms are associated with hiatal hernia. They are as mentioned below:
1. Pain and burning in the chest.
2. Shortness of breath.
3. Regurgitation of food or fluids.
7. Acid reflux.
9. Unpleasant taste in the mouth.
10. Abdominal pain.
11. Difficulty in swallowing.
Causes for Hiatal Hernia
What might be the causes behind developing hiatal hernia? The primary reason is increased pressure in the abdominal cavity due to several reasons, let’s find out those reasons and other causes responsible for hiatal hernia.
• Changes in the diaphragm
• Heavy lifting
• Constant Coughing
• Chronic Straining due to Constipation
• Heavy lifting
• Injury or trauma to the area.
Diagnosis for Hiatal Hernia
Let’s look into the diagnostic tests done for hiatal hernia.
In this diagnostic procedure, the patient is required to drink a liquid with barium (a chemical element) which coats the upper GI (Gastrointestinal) tract so that the doctors can have a better look at the esophagus and stomach.
Upper GI Endoscopy
The medical professionals can also prescribe endoscopy to view the upper GI tract for diagnosing hiatal hernia. For endoscopy, the doctor inserts a long and thin tube called an endoscope inside the throat to properly diagnose the esophagus and stomach for any inflammation.
Esophageal manometry is recommended to test the esophageal pressure while swallowing. It also helps in measuring the force and coordination of the esophageal muscles.
Treatment for Hiatal Hernia
If your hiatal hernia makes you suffer from acid reflux and heartburn, then you’ll be prescribed antacids and other medications to curb those symptoms. Open hernia surgery or laparoscopic surgery can also be prescribed by the doctor if the hiatal hernia deteriorates and the medicines do not work.
If your hiatal hernia requires surgery, then visit Varanasi Hospital, the best hospital in Varanasi for affordable hernia treatment.