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Laparoscopic Rectopexy Varanasi

Laparoscopic rectopexy is a surgical procedure performed by surgeons to treat rectal prolapse. There are many concerns by patients related to this medical procedure which we have answered in this blog.
Read more: Rectal prolapse: causes, symptoms and treatment

Here, we have responded to some common questions asked by people associated with laparoscopic rectopexy.

Q. Why to go for a laparoscopic rectopexy and not open rectopexy?

A: Rectopexy can be executed by both open and laparoscopic procedures. However, the laparoscopic technique is highly approved by the good laparoscopic surgeons because it is a minimally-invasive surgery, and a laparoscopic surgical method has immense advantages and a high success rate than conventional open surgery. Some of the advantages of a laparoscopic rectopexy, when compared to an ordinary open rectopexy, are as follows:

  • Minimum incisions or cuts
  • Low or no blood loss
  •  Minimal chances of infection
  • Less pain
  • Zero complications
  • Shorter hospital stay
  • Speedy recovery
  • Higher success rate
  • Completely safe.

So, laparoscopic rectopexy is mostly preferred and in huge demand than a typical open operation. We, at Varanasi Hospital, are well-equipped with the latest techniques and equipment required for laparoscopic rectopexy. We are proud to announce that we are one of the best laparoscopic hospitals in Varanasi.

Q. How laparoscopic rectopexy is carried out?

A: During a laparoscopic rectopexy, the patient is first given anesthesia to carry out the further procedure. Then, the surgery begins, in which the surgeon makes few small incisions in the patient’s abdomen through which a laparoscope (a thin medical instrument with a high-intensity light and a high resolution camera at its end) and other surgical tools specifically designed for laparoscopic operation are inserted to repair the prolapsed rectum.

Q. Can rectal prolapse occur again even after laparoscopic rectopexy?

A: The chances of recurrence is extremely low after laparoscopic rectopexy as the surgeons after fixing the protruding rectum make usual stitches with a surgical mesh instead. The surgical mesh ensures that the rectum does not come out of its place, thus saving the patient from a recurring prolapsed rectum.

Q. What are the precautions a patient needs to undertake after a laparoscopic rectopexy?

A: Thankfully, laparoscopic rectopexy has fewer complications than normal rectopexy. Still, some safety measures should be considered by the patient post-surgery. Some precautionary tips to follow after a laparoscopic rectum repair surgery are as follows:

  • Drink lots of water and other fluids like fruit juices, coconut water and so on
  • Eat lots of fresh fruits and vegetables (after the soft diet phase is over)
  • Avoid sports or any other outdoor activities
  • Don’t do heavy lifting or any other strenuous activity
  • Take plenty of rest and sleep
  • Keep your surgical incisions dry and clean to prevent infections (which is very rare) and wear loose clothing
  • Follow up with your doctor for post-surgical check-ups.

Your doctor might suggest you stool softeners post-surgery to keep constipation and reoccurring prolapsed rectum at bay.

So, we hope all your queries about laparoscopic rectopexy have been cleared. We, at Varanasi, provide laparoscopic rectopexy surgery and post-surgery care to people in Varanasi and Northern UP.

laparoscopic rectopexy

A “prolapse” means when something falls out of its designated place. Rectal prolapse is a medical condition in which the rectum leaves its actual place and comes out through the anus instead. Though not a serious medical emergency, the situation is still bothersome and worrisome.

The person suffering from rectal prolapse feels uncomfortable, embarrassed, and face troubles in carrying out daily activities. There are three types of rectal prolapse as written as follows:

1. Internal Prolapse:

In internal prolapse, the rectum comes out of its position but does not leave through the anus, but rather folds in itself.

2. Partial or Mucosal Prolapse:

During partial or mucosal prolapse, only the rectal lining starts to drop out through the anus.

3. Complete or Full-Thickness Prolapse:

In this prolapse, the rectum entirely comes out through the anus and becomes noticeable.

Since now you know the three general types of rectum prolapse, it is important to know the causes lurking behind this unappealing situation. The causes responsible for rectal prolapse are as follows:

  • Chronic constipation and chronic difficulty in bowel movements
  • Due to a difficult normal delivery or vaginal birth in women
  • Weak rectal and anal muscles mainly because of old age
  • Nerve damage due to an injury in the spinal cord
  • Genetics.

The signs and symptoms that ensure that your rectum is prolapsed are mentioned as follows:

  •  A visible reddish bulge protruding out from your anus
  • Bleeding rectum
  • Constipation
  • Chronic diarrhea
  • Bowel or anal incontinence (occasional and uncontrollable leakage of stool or liquified feces)
  • Mucus coming out from the anus
  • Pain and discomfort in the anal region.

An important thing to note is that rectal prolapse and hemorrhoids are completely different medical conditions and thus, should not be confused.

To diagnose rectal prolapse, the doctor performs a rectal exam where you have to pretend that you are trying to pass a bowel movement. The doctor also executes other necessary tests to conclude that you have a prolapsed rectum like- Anal manometry, Proctography (X-Ray for rectum), Anal ultrasound and Colonoscopy. The diagnostic tests vary for each case.

The archetypal treatment for treating rectal prolapse is the surgical method (especially in adults). For children, the pediatrician recommends stool softeners, laxatives, antibiotics (to treat bacterial infection), and sometimes injections. Surgery is very rare and happens when other treatments fail to work.

For adults, the most successful and hence most suggested treatment is laparoscopic rectopexy. In a laparoscopic rectopexy, the laparoscopic surgeon repairs the rectal prolapse by restoring the rectum to its actual location and further making stitches by using surgical mesh to prevent rectum from sticking out of its place.

We, at Varanasi Hospital, provide laparoscopic rectopexy to our patients with a higher success rate. To prevent rectal prolapse avoid straining during your bowel movements, maintain good intestinal health, increase your daily fluid intake, eat lots of fruits and vegetables, exercise regularly, and live a stress-free life.

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