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All about Hernia in a nutshell- part 1

Hernia is a common medical condition that can be seen becoming more and more prevalent these days. Statistically, it is most prevalent in males, but it also can be seen in women, particularly after childbirth. Hernia certainly requires a surgery to resolve it permanently. It is always better to get a laparoscopic hernia surgery as compared to an open surgery. Here we will list out some of the most questions about hernia, along with their factual answers.

What is a hernia?

Hernia occurs when an organ or a tissue pushes through a weak spot and holds it in the place.

How many types of hernia are in there?

Commonly there are four types of hernia- Inguinal, Hiatal, umbilical and Incisional.

Who are prone to have hernia?

Hernia can happen to anyone, but mostly seen in the-

People involving in routine heavy lifting, including those who workout heavily and blue collar workers.

People who are suffering from persistent constipation or diarrhea.

People who are overweight or obese.

People who had previous abdominal surgery.

People who are suffering from consistent sneezing and coughing.

People who had a previous abdominal injury.

People who lead a sedentary lifestyle, involving excessive smoking, malnutrition etc.

Women who had cesarian delivery in the past.

What are the symptoms of hernia?

The common symptoms of hernia is a bulge that protrudes from either the abdomen, chest or groin. You will most certainly feel it when you are bending over, standing or coughing. It can also be accompanied by pain, discomfort and burning sensation in the affected area.

In kids, it’s prominently visible when they are crying.

How can a hernia be diagnosed?

A hernia can be diagnosed through physical examination by the doctor, as coughing makes the hernia bulge more visible. In some cases, an endoscopy or ultrasound scan is required to be certain.

What is the treatment of hernia?

Hernia can be managed by medications only for the time being, but a surgery is the best option to resolve this once for all. Surgery make sure hernia doesn’t recur in the future. Moreover, a laparoscopic hernia surgery ensures a speedy recovery as compared to an open surgery.

How to prevent hernia?

Hernia can be prevented if taken some careful measures like:

Avoiding heavy lifting routinely

Consulting a doctor if coughing becomes persistent

Quitting bad habits like smoking

Maintaining a healthy and normal body weight.

It’s crucial to identify the symptoms of hernia. If it’s not treated, it will certainly not dissolve on its own. An untreated hernia can create many complications later. A surgery is most required to resolve this medical condition. Seek help, if the symptoms become prominent or persistent.

We will be back soon with a few more aspects regarding the hernia surgery. Stay healthy and fit!

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