If you are familiar with the term “hernia”, you must be aware of the fact that it does not gets cured on its own; it requires a surgery. In this modern time, two options are available for patients – open hernia surgery and laparoscopic hernia operation.
Hernia Surgery – The Concept
During a hernia surgery, the protruded portion of intestine is carefully placed inside the abdominal cavity, where it belongs. Generally a mesh is placed inside to eliminate the possibility of recurrence. After the surgery, the abdominal wall is strengthened and backed up by stitches.
- Open Hernia Operation:
In open surgery, the surgeon makes a large incision close to hernia. The hernia is detected properly and then it is isolated from the tissue.
The intestine is then gently pushed back into your abdomen.
Once done, the surgeon stitches to close the weakened abdominal muscle. Generally, a piece of mesh is mended to strengthen the operated part. It aids in strengthening of the muscles. At the end, the cuts are stitched to heal the wound.
- Risks of Open Hernia Operation:
After an open hernia surgery, a patient can have allergies and side effects such as severe respiratory problem, bleeding, blood clot or infections.
Apart from this, body needs more time to blend into the usual routine. Due to large incision, the chances of relapse of Hernia from that weakened area remains very high.
Laparoscopic Hernia Operation is a comparatively easier process and less painful to operate. Patients recover quickly after this type of surgery. In this surgery, the doctor creates three to five small incisions in the lower abdomen.
Then a medical device, named a laparoscope is inserted through one of that incisions. The laparoscope is a thin, lighted tube with a camera at one end. This instrument helps to observe the exact condition of that hernia. Then other essential tools like light source and equipment are inserted through the rest of the cuts.
In this case, the bulged area is pushed back into the body. After repairing, instruments and laparoscope is removed and the incisions are stitched.
- Benefits of Laparoscopic Hernia Operation:
Although laparoscopic approach possess few risks as well, but it is very minimal as compared to open surgery. Due to faster healing, patient needs lesser hospital stay. The patient recovers earlier and can go back to their schedule in matter of weeks. Most of all, it is a painless and scar-less approach.